Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Conceptual Framework for Slum Free City Planning: An Urban Environment Management Approach

Charumitra Bouddha, Krishna Kumar Dhote, Anupama Sharma


The status of the environment in an urban setting is a consequence of many interconnected factors. The local context characterized by existing natural resources, urban development & urban services, socio-economic structure and above all the population and demographic trends that influence the demand for these services. The status of current provisions of these services and the capacity of these services in relation to demand, determine the likely environmental impact. Ultimately, the main concern in the process of growth and development is sustainable provision and equitable distribution of welfare and services synchronous to available resources. Intra-city inequality characterized by exclusion manifests as urban poverty and slums. More often slums have been treated purely as an alien problem rather than socio-economical or inclusionary issue. Traditional approaches to attend the issue of slums had been ineffective in the absence of a pragmatic strategy coherent with Urban Environment Management (UEM) approach. UEM approach is a well established approach to manage urban issues in an integrated way in its complete horizon whether they are bio-physical, socio-economical or inclusive; however was not used in its full capacity to deal with slums. This paper attempts to develop a conceptual framework for slum free cities planning using UEM approach taking the case example of India.

Full Text:



Bouddha, Charumitra, and Dhote, K. K. 2014. “Redefining Wellbeing through Slum Inhabitant’s Perspective”. Journal of Institute of Town Planners of India 10(4): 20-30.

Canter, Larry W. 1996. Environmental Impact Assessment. Singapore: McGraw-Hill International Editions.

Census of India, 2011. Primary Census Abstract for Slum, 2011. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.

Edelman, David J., Ed. 1997. “Power to the People: The Local Government Context”. Project Paper No. UEM 4, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (HIS) Project Paper Series 1997. Rotterdam: Times Research Foundation India.

GDRC. The Environmental Planning and Management Guidebook. Global Development Research Center. Accessed May 3, 2012.

GOI, 2010. Census of India 2011. Circular No. 8, Jan 2010. Ministry of Home Affairs. Government of India.

GOI, no date. Rajiv Awas Yojna Guidelines for Slum Free City Planning. Ministry of Housing and Poverty Alliviation. Government of India.

Lee, N, and Walsh, F, 1992. “Strategic Environmental Assessment: An Overview” Project Appraisal (7) 3.

Lohani, B., J. W., Evans, H., Ludwig, R. R., Everitt, Richard, A. Carpenter, and S. L., Tu, 1997. Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries in Asia. Volume 1: Overview. Asian Development Bank.

Mathur, , Om Prakash, 2009. “Slum-Free Cities: A New Deal for the Urban Poor”. Strategy paper, National Urban Poverty Reduction Strategy 2010-2020 A.D. New Delhi: The National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.

Shrinivas, Hari. Urban Environments: The UEMRI Framework for Policy and Practice. Global Development Research Center. Accessed May 3, 2012. .

UN–HABITAT, 2010. “State of the World’s Cities 2010/2011: Bridging the Urban Divide”. United Nations Human Settlements Programme. London: Earthscan.

USAID, no date. “Urban Environmental Management”. United States Agency for International Development. Accessed May 3, 2012.

World Bank, 2008. Approaches to Urban Slums. A Multimedia Sourcebook on Adaptive and Proactive Strategies, WBI Learning Resources Series. Washington, DC: World Bank.


  • There are currently no refbacks.