Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Community Resilience and Adaptability on Built Environment: A Study with reference to post-tsunami resettlement at Ambalangoda, Sri Lanka

D. P. Chandrasekara, M.G.M.M. Kariyawasam

Abstract


This study investigates the community resilience with reference to a tsunami resettlement at Ambalangoda in Sri Lanka. The theoretical framework used in the research is based on the “Adaptive Cycle of Resilience” developed by Holling and Gunderson. This cycle consists of four different phases; exploitation, conservation, release and reorganization. Any social system which is adapting to the changing external conditions would go through these stages of the cycle. The study identifies four main factors which influences the community resilience. They are ‘Social capital’, ‘Resources’, ‘Community infrastructure’ and ‘Competence’. A mixed method research was carried out in order to collect data on factors affecting community resilience. According to the findings, all the above mentioned influencing factors have increased since the time of resettlement. Except social capital, the rest have been increased beyond the level at the previous settlement. The community has reached a stage of equilibrium with minimum flexibility and a high level of reluctance for change.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aldrich DP. Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post‐Disaster Recovery. University of Chicago Press; 2012.

Berkes F, Ross H. Community resilience: toward an integrated approach. Society & Natural Resources. 2013; 26(1): 5–20p.

Chandrasekara DP. Social Capital as Means of Social Inclusion: A study of the Sri Lankan plantation worker community with reference to employment, education and housing. In: Raymond KH Chan, Lih-Rong Wang, Jens O. Zinn (editors). Social Issues and Policies in Asia: Family, Ageing and Work. UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing; 2014.

Fath BD, Dean CA, Katzmair H. Navigating the adaptive cycle: an approach to managing the resilience of social systems. Ecology and Society. 2015; 20(2).

Folke C, Carpenter SR, Walker B, Scheffer M, Chapin T, Rockström J. Resilience Thinking: Integrating Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability. Ecology and Society [Internet]. Resilience Alliance, Inc.; 2010;15(4).

Gunderson LH, Holling CS. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington: Island Press; 2002.

Holling CS. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 1973; 4:1–23p.

Magis K. Community resilience: an indicator of social sustainability. Society & Natural Resources. 2010; 23(5): 401–416p.

Maguire B, Cartwright S. Assessing a Community's Capacity to Manage Change: A Resilience Approach to Social Assessment. Canberra: Australian Government. Bureau of Rural Sciences; 2008.

Minkler M. Community Organizing and Community building for health. London: Rutgers University Press; 1997.

Norris FH, Stevens SP, Pfefferbaum B, Wyche KF, Pfefferbaum RL. Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology. 2008; 141: 127–150p.

Pisano U. Resilience and sustainable development: theory of resilience, systems thinking and adaptive governance. ESDN Quarterly Report No. 26; 2012.

Renschler CS, Fraizer AE, Arendt AL, Cimellaro G-P, Reinhorn AM, Bruneau M. A Framework for Defining and Measuring Resilience at the Community Scale: the Peoples Resilience Framework. Washington: NIST; 2010.

Walker B, Holling CS, Carpenter SR, Kinzig A. Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social-ecological systems, Ecology and Society. 2004; 9(2): 5. http://www.ecologyandsocicty.org/vol9/iss2/art5.

Walker B, Salt D. Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World, Washington, DC: Island Press; 2006.

Global facility for disaster reduction and Recovery (nd) retrieved from https://gfdrr.org/sites/gfdrr/files/WB_UNDP_PDNA%20Community_SP_FINAL.pdf




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37628/ijhhsp.v4i2.375

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.