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Typology of Environmentally Responsive Roofs in Iranian Vernacular Residential Buildings

Elham Maghsoudi Nia, Nordin Abd Rahman, Mohd Yazid Mohd Yunos


Increasing interest in sustainability in recent years has affected roofing and caused emerging various strategies such as green roof approach. Similar to the new sustainable movements, environment, economy and society issues were considered during roofing of vernacular residential buildings (VRB) in Iran. This paper has reviewed the vernacular roof typologies, and focused on environmental considerations in roofing. The findings have shown that shapes of the roofs, materials and vernacular techniques were in response to the climatic conditions and the environment. The roofing materials were natural, cheap, available and local with minimum impact on the environment. The vernacular roofing strategies were energy efficient, used natural resources and provided comfort conditions for residents. The study recommends professionals to re-look back and reuse the vernacular concepts in new residential buildings and further developments of urban cities

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